When it comes to the psychological effects of homeschooling, the research is mixed. Some studies have found no difference in social skills between children who study at home and those who attend conventional schools, while others have found that homeschooled children score higher or lower on measures of social capacity. Long-term studies, however, suggest that the psychological effects of homeschooling later in life are generally positive. My experience and the studies I have read for many years, which are recorded in my book, show that homeschooling students are doing well and are certainly no worse off than their public school classmates.
While some people may talk about homeschooling neglect and abuse, the statistics don't indicate anything like it. It is important to recognize and acknowledge the challenges of homeschooling, as perceived levels of support are associated with better outcomes. Emotional and instrumental support is needed for those involved in homeschooling, as well as proactive school planning to support parents. This can help promote better outcomes and better homeschooling experiences for students.
Overall, many parents are more likely to feel stressed, worried, isolated, and subject to domestic conflict during periods of homeschooling. This is likely to have a long-term adverse impact on mental health and may widen the inequality gap. Rachel Wise is a certified school psychologist and licensed behavioral specialist with a master's degree in education. She is currently licensed or certified as a school psychologist in three states and has a doctorate in child and developmental psychology.